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Tuesday, November 27, 2012

The Bible - By The Numbers

“As for God His way is perfect”  ~ Psalms 18:31

I’ve always had some degree of fascination with numbers. My step-Father, Jim Chandler, beside being a tremendous man of God, was a professor of mathematics and a master mathematician, as are both of my brothers (I know!). He used to always say, “Numbers don’t lie” and “Of all the things that you learn in school, math will help you the most in life” True, of course…but then my Mother was a professor of English Literature and would say the same thing about the English language and the communication thereof. Having numbers pounded into my head from a very young age, I later, much later, developed an appreciation for what my step-Father used to tell me – and for math and everything numbers related.

I recently became fascinated with numbers as they relate to the Bible and Christianity. “What, you say?" Yes, there are certain numbers that keep popping up over and over again in scripture and are, obviously, important to God. In addition, some Biblical numerical facts will just plain astound you. So, let’s take a very basic look at, well…The Bible by the numbers.

1 – The number one stands for ‘unity’ or ‘significance’. Used to describe anything that is emphatic or important. For example:
·         In Ephesians 4:5, it says “"one Lord, one faith, one baptism." That’s pretty emphatic and very important in Christianity. In Matthew 6:24, it says “No one can serve two masters…” True that, logic dictates that, from a numbers point of view, 1 does not ever equal 2.
·         In Mark 12: 28-29, when asked by a teacher which was the most important commandment,  Jesus answered saying, “Of all the commandments, which is the most important?” 29 “The most important one,” answered Jesus, “is this: ‘Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one. 30 Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength.
·         In Philippians 2:2 Paul and Timothy speak about the Christian lifestyle saying “complete my joy by being of the same mind, having the same love, being in full accord and of one mind.”
There are a myriad of examples of the number one, but I think you get the gist.

2 – The number two represents an ‘opposition’ or ‘division’. Think of the phrase ‘two-faced’. You have one thing (in this case) that is actually made up of two that represents totally opposite outlooks or functions. From a Christian perspective, this can be represented by Jesus Christ – a son that has two natures: human and divine.


·         There are two Testaments, old and new, that make up the Bible.
·         In Genesis 1:27 it states that man is either male or female; “God created man in His own image, in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.”
·         In Matthew 12:32 it states that there are two ages, this age and the age to come.
·         In Genesis 25: 23 when God speaks to Rebekah about the twins that will birth, he says, ““Two nations are in your womb; And two peoples will be separated from your body; And one people shall be stronger than the other; And the older shall serve the younger.” The two nations referred to, the Edomites and Israelites, have been from the beginning two such different people in their manners, customs, and religion, as to be at perpetual variance among themselves.

3 – The number three signifies ‘completeness’ or ‘divine perfection’.
·         The Trinity, God, the Son and the Holy Spirit, if that’s not perfection I don’t know what is.
·         In 1 Corinthians 15:4 Christ was resurrected on the third day, the completion.
·         In Genesis 1:9 the water was separated from the earth on the third day.
·         There were three Patriarchs of the children of Israel: Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
·         In Numbers 6:24-26, the original Tetragrammaton, ‘The Lord’ (Yahweh) appears three times in these three verses: “The Lord bless you, and keep you; The Lord make His face shine on you,
And be gracious to you; The Lord lift up His countenance on you, And give you peace.”
·         In both Isaiah 6:3 and Revelation 4:8, three times the angelic Seraphim cry “Holy, Holy, Holy”
·         After the Great Flood mankind descended from the three sons of Noah: Shem, Ham, and Japheth. (Genesis 10:1-32)

If you are a trichotomist then you believe that man is made of three parts:

Human abilities are three


The divine attributes are three fold:
God is:

Three bear witness (1 John 5:8):


Christ is Three Shepherds

The Good Shepherd (John 10:14-15) - speaking of His death
The Great Shepherd (Hebrews 13:20) - speaking of His resurrection
The Chief Shepherd (1 Peter 5:4) - speaking of His glory

The Three appearances of Christ:
Has appeared (Hebrews 9:26) to put away sin
Is appearing (Hebrews 9:24) in the presence of God
Will appear (Hebrews 9:28) to those who await Him

The Father spoke from Heaven three times:

- Matthew 3:17, "This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased."
- Matthew 17:5, "This is My beloved Son, with whom I am well-pleased; listen to Him."
- John 12:28, "I have both glorified it [the Father's name], and will glorify it again
There are many, many examples of the importance of the number three in scriptures. Even in everyday living, the number 3 permeates our natural existence in the areas of time, measurement and states, among others.
Time                                 Measurement                               State
** 3 is the first of four ‘numbers of perfection’, which include 3,7,10 and 12. We’ll discuss these in more detail.

4 - The number four represents God’s creative works, especially...
works associated with material things of the earth – all things under the sun. If three represents God (the Trinity) then four is 3 +1 (God + Creation).
  • There are Four cardinal directions North, South, East & West - with four Angels keeping watch at the four corners of the earth, holding back the four winds of the world [Revelation 7:1]
  • Four rivers flowed out of Eden [Genesis 2:10]
  • There are Four cherubim [Genesis 3:22-24; Ezekiel 1:10]
  • In Ezekiel’s vision of the heavenly throne/chariot the cherubim each had four faces and bodies with four wheels [Ezekiel 1:10-12]
  • The tallit/outer cloak covenant men were required to wear had four corners with four tassels [Numbers 15:38-39]
  • Four heavenly creatures surround God’s heavenly throne. [Revelation 4:6-8]
  • The Israelite camp was divided into four parts when camping around the Tabernacle [Numbers 2:1-34]
  • The ancients considered there to be four elements: earth, fire, air and water
  • Bible has four-fold division of mankind: lands, tongues, families and nations [Revelation 13:7]
  • Four women gave birth to the fathers of the 12 Tribes of Israel (Leah, Rachel, Bilhah & Zilpah)
  • Four cups of wine are used in the ritual of the Passover Seder.
  • Four consonants formed God’s Divine Name of YHWH (Pronounced ‘Yahweh’ in English)
  • The Covenant People of God had four divisions of the day associated with the daily liturgical sacrifice of the Tamid (Dawn - 9AM; 9AM-Noon; Noon - 3PM; 3PM - Sunset)
  • There are also four Watches of the Night  (6PM-9PM; 9PM-Midnight; Midnight-3AM and 3AM-6AM)
  • There are Four lunar phases
  • There are Four seasons (Winter, Spring, Summer & Fall)
  • The fourth book of the Bible is Numbers – how ironic ;)

5 – Stands for Divine Grace and power (4+1 or God’s gifts & blessings to Man). Gifts and power of the Holy Spirit fall under this number.
  • Five kinds of animals were sacrificed under the Old Covenant Law of sacrifice: goats, sheep, cattle, pigeons and doves [Genesis 15:9; Exodus 29:38; Leviticus 1:1-17; 3:1; 4:3, 14, 23, 28; 5:6-7]
  • God changed Abram’s name to Abraham by adding the letter/number five to his name [Genesis 17:5]. 
  • God changed Sarai’s name by adding the same letter/number with the value of “grace” to form the name Sarah [Genesis 17:15]. 
*Abraham and Sarah were transformed by grace to become the parents of a family from which the Messiah would be born
  • The Tabernacle was measured in multiples of five [Exodus 25 - 27]
  • There are five books of the Torah (first 5 books of the Old Testament)
  • Daniel proclaimed the Fifth Kingdom to be an Everlasting Kingdom [Daniel 2:37-44].
  • Matthew’s Gospel is divided into five “books” composed of five narratives and five discourses.
  • Jesus bled from five wounds on the altar of the Cross: His two hands, his two feet and His head.

**Five Greek words form the acrostic phrase “Jesus Christ, God’s Son Savior,” taking the first letter in Greek from each word forms the Greek word for “fish”: Iota, Chi, Theta, Epsilon, Sigma = (ichthys) “FISH”, which became an early symbol for Christ and a secret symbol for identifying Christians.

6 – The number 6 represents ‘Defiance of God’ or ‘Anti-Christ’.  Six is the number of man.
  • All who defy God is marked by this number: Goliath (Isaiah  17:4-7), Nebuchadnezzar (Daniel 3:1), King Solomon (1 Kings 10:14; 19), The Beast  or Anti-Christ (Revelation 3:18+ - There is need for shrewdness here: anyone clever may interpret the number of the beast; it is the number of a human being, the number is 666’)
  • Man is commanded to labor six days [Exodus 31:15]                  
  • The sixth clause in the prayer of the “Our Father/ Lord’s Prayer” petitions that we not be led into sin and be delivered from evil. [Matthew 6:13]
  • The world turned dark beginning at the sixth hour Hebrew time (noon) when Christ was on the cross [Matthew 27:45; Mark 15:33; Luke 23:44]. 
  • In Roman time the sixth hour is 6-7AM when Jesus was being tried by the Roman governor Pilate [John 19:14].
  • Jesus suffered on the cross for six hours (as he suffered that man might be saved); from 9 AM, (see Mark 15:25) the hour of the first daily sacrifice in the Temple to 3 PM, (see Mark 15:33-34; Matthew 27:45; Luke 23:44) the hour of the last sacrifice, and gave up His life at the beginning of the 7th hour - the number of completion and fulfillment.
  • The sixth commandment in the Ten Commandments is the sin of murder [Exodus 20:13]
  • Both man and serpent were created on the sixth day
  • In the Greek alphabet the number six is not represented by an alphabetic letter but is instead represented by a symbol called the “stigma” - which means literally “a mark of shame or discredit”
**All six of the letters which represent the number system of the Roman Empire added together yield the number 666: I = 1; V= 5; X= 10; L= 50; C = 100; D= 500 NOTE: There is no letter/number M.  1000 was two Ds back to back which resembled an M. 
** Throughout history, the best that man can produce by every available means and effort of rebellious will is “666” which falls short of God’s triune completeness - “777”.

7 – The number of ‘Spiritual Perfection’ and ‘Completion’. This is the number of The Holy Spirit, the author and giver of life. The number seven is stamped on all of God’s work, like a watermark on paper. Seven is the second of four ‘perfect numbers’.
  • God rested on the seventh day (Saturday) after Creation [Genesis 2:2]
  • To swear an oath in Hebrew is “to seven oneself.”
  • The sacred Menorah has seven branches (six on each side of a central shaft) and seven cup shaped lamps for the olive oil
  • There were seven classes of furniture in the Tabernacle: Bronze sacrificial Altar, Bronze Laver, Golden Menorah, Golden Table of the Bread of the Presence, Golden Altar of Incense, Ark of the Covenant and the Mercy-seat/Seat of Atonement.
  • The Tabernacle was built in six days and dedicated on the seventh [Exodus 40:17]
  • It took Solomon seven years to build the Temple in Jerusalem. [1 Kings 6:37-38]
  • There are seven annual holy feast days observed under the Law of the Sinai Covenant [Leviticus 23:1-44]
  • The Feast of Passover is the 1st month of the liturgical year but the seventh month of the civil year. [Exodus 12:1-2]
  • The Feast of Tabernacles completes the cycle of Holy Days in the seventh month of the liturgical year.[Leviticus 23:33-43]
There are multiple sevens in the Book of Revelation: There are 55 sevens and 5 sevenths, 5x7 (35) phrases of sevens in the Book of Revelation.  List of “sevens” in the Book of Revelation:

1:4; 2:1-3:22
2:1- 3:22
1:4; 3:1; 4:5; 5:6
Golden lampstands
1:12, 20; 2:1; 4:5
1:16, 20; 2:1; 3:1
5:1; 5:5; 6:1
8:2, 6; 15:1, 6, 7; 15:8; 16:1; 17:1; 21:9
8:2, 6
10:3, 4
7 Thousand people
12:3; 13:1; 17:3, 7, 9
15:1, 6, 8; 21:9
Golden bowls
15:7; 16:1; 17:1; 21:9
17:10, 11
Last 7 visions
Chapters 20-21
Seven is a significant number in the natural world as well:
  • mammals and birds have a gestation of multiples of 7:
mouse: 21 days (3 x 7)
cat 56 (8 x 7)
Sheep 147 (21 x 7)
hare & rat, 28 ( 4x7)
dog 63 (9 x 7)
hen 21 (3 x 7)
humans 280 days ( 40 x 7)
lion 98 (14 x 7)
duck 42 (6 x 7)
  • With insects the ova are hatched in seven half-days (the wasp, bee, etc).  But with other insects it is seven whole days.  The majority of insects require from 14 (2x7) to 42 (6x7) days and the same applies to the larva state.
  • Seven days in a week
  • Seven colors in the spectrum—the seven colored rainbow was the sign of the covenant with Noah
  • There are 168 hours in a week = 7 x 24
**Man’s pulse beats on the seven-day principle.  For six days out of seven it beats faster in the morning than in the evening while on the seventh day it beats slower.  The seventh day is the day of rest!

8 – The number eight represents ‘new beginnings’ or ‘regeneration’ and the ‘number of the Lord’ – the Lord’s people or the Lord’s work.
  • Eight is the number of our salvation and the Second Coming.  It is the day Christ arose from the dead [Matthew 28:1-28; Mark 16:1-8; Luke 24:1-8; John 20:1-10].
  • Eight is the first cubic number (2 x 2 x 2). This is significant because the Holy of Holies in the Tabernacle and in the Jerusalem Temple was the same height, length and breadth--a perfect cube [1 Kings 6:20].
  • Eight (okto in Greek) days after the resurrection (in the literal Greek translation) Jesus appeared to his disciples a second time; this time with Thomas [John 20:26].
  • The eighth day, which is Resurrection Sunday (the day after the seventh day Jewish Sabbath), is the first day of the New Covenant.
  • Eight people were saved in the ark during the Great Flood including Noah, his wife, his three sons and their wives [Genesis 7:13].
  • On the eighth day of an Israelite male child’s birth, he entered the Sinai Covenant by the ritual of circumcision [Genesis 17:10-12; Exodus 22:29-30; Leviticus 12:3].
  • On the eighth day of the dedication of the desert Tabernacle, during the morning liturgical service, God lit the fire of the sacrificial altar.  This day was commemorated in the Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkoth) which was an eight day feast [Leviticus 23:36-39].
  • The feasts of Passover and Unleavened Bread lasted eight days and marked the beginning of the Liturgical year [Leviticus 23:5-8], while the Feast of Tabernacles lasted eight days and marked the end of the Liturgical year.
  • The priesthood of Aaron and his sons was consecrated on the eighth day [Leviticus 9:1].
  • David, God’s anointed, is the eighth son of Jesse [1 Samuel 16:10-13].
  • There were eight classes of furniture in the Jerusalem Temple [1 Kings 6:15-8:9].
  • Solomon finished building the Temple in the eighth month of the seventh year [1 Kings 6:37-38; 8:1-2]. The celebration and dedication lasted eight days [1 Kings 8:66].
  • The dimensions of the Temple are based on the number eight [1 Kings 7:10].
  • The prophet Elijah performed eight miracles [1 Kings 17 - 2 Kings 13].
  • Jesus rose from the dead on the eighth day of His week of Redemptive Passion (Sunday is both the first day of the week and the day that follows the seventh day the old covenant Sabbath-- the eighth day) [Matthew 28:1; Mark 16:1-2; Luke 24:1-3].
  • The Gematria (Hebrew numerical value of a word) of Jesus in Greek, Iesous, is 888 (I = 10, e= 8, s=200, o=70, u=400, s=200). All the names for Jesus are multiples of 8!
  • There are eighty-eight constellations
  • A new first, such as an octave in music…and 88 keys on a piano. I’ve always said that music was part of God’s language…coincidence?
  • In the Book of Revelation:
    • There are twenty-four elders around the throne of God (3 x 8) [Revelation 4:4].
    • There are four beasts with six wings each = 24 (3x8) [Revelation 4:6-8].
    • Twelve thousand from each tribe of Israel 144,000 = (8x15x100) [Revelation 7:4-8].

SEVEN AND EIGHT TOGETHER:  These numbers form a remarkable connection.  As we have noted seven, according to its etymology, means that which is spiritually complete, while eight denotes that which is superabundant.  God’s holy covenant name is expressed in Hebrew by the four consonants YHWH which have a value of 10, 5, 6, and 5.  Added together their total is 20 + 6 but multiplied by 3 (the Triune God) their value is 70 (7x10) + 8 or spiritual perfection times perfection of order plus superabundant salvation.

Yahweh's covenants are also seven and eight: Seven covenants are revealed in the Old Testament and the eighth covenant in the New Testament, in the New Covenant in Christ:
  1. Covenant with Adam [Genesis 1:28-30; 2:15-17; Hosea 6:7]
  2. Noah and the earth [Genesis 6:18; 9:9-17]
  3. Abraham [Genesis 12:3; 15:1-18; 18:18; 22:18]
  4. Sinai Covenant [Exodus 19-24; 34:10, 27, 28; Deuteronomy 5:2-3]
  5. Aaron & Sons high priestly covenant[Exodus 40:15; Leviticus 2:13; Numbers 18:19; Jeremiah 33:21]
  6. Phinehas: perpetual priesthood [Numbers 25:11-15]
  7. David & descendant [2 Samuel 7:11; 23:5]
  8. Jesus the Priest-King of the New Covenant [Luke 22:20; 1 Corinthians 11:25; Hebrews 7:22-24; 8:6; 9:15-20; 12:24; 13:20]
The classes of furniture in the desert Tabernacle and in the Temple reflected both the numbers 7 and 8. 

Desert Tabernacle
(Exodus 25:10-30:21; 37:1-40:33)
Solomon’s Temple
(1 Kings 6:1-13; 2 Chronicles 3:1-5:14)
1.  Ark of the Covenant
1.  Ark of the Covenant
2.  Seat of Atonement (Mercy Seat)
2.  Seat of Atonement (Mercy Seat)
3.  Golden Alter of Incense
3.  Golden Alter of Incense
4.  Golden Menorah
4.  Golden Menorah
5.  Golden Table for the Bread of the Presence
5.  Golden Table for the Bread of the Presence
6.  Bronze Sacrificial Altar
6.  Bronze Sacrificial Altar
7.  Laver for the holy water
7.  Laver for the holy water
8.  Bronze Sea for ritual cleansing

Another example of the seven/eight pattern is found in the Book of Revelation in which the last seven visions of St. John are introduced by the Greek words kai eidon, “and I saw,” in Revelation 19:11 (vision #1 = 19:11-16), 19:17 (vision #2 = 19:17-18), 19:19 (vision #3 = 19:19-21), 20:1 (vision #4 = 20:1-10), 20:4 (vision #5 = 20:4-10), 20:11 (vision #6 = 20:11-15), and 21:1 (vision #7 = 21:1-8).  However, in the description of the seventh vision the words kai eidon are used an eighth time in 21:2, yielding the seven/eight pattern for the final time in Sacred Scripture.

9 - Nine is the number of ‘finality’ or ‘judgment’. This number is related to the number six, being the sum of its factors (3x3=9, and 3+3=6).  It is significant of the end of man and the sum of all man’s works. 
There are 9 greek words derived from the root word meaning judgment or  dikay.
The following words each occur 9 times in the Bible: abussos (bottomless pit); asebee (ungodly); aselgeia (lasciviousness); and astrapee (lightning).
  • It was in the ninth year of the prophet Hosea that the king of Assyria destroyed the capital city of the Northern Kingdom of Israel and carried the people away into exile [2 Kings 17:6].
  • It was in the ninth year of King Zedekiah’s reign that Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon conquered the Southern Kingdom of Judah, destroying the city of Jerusalem and the Temple [2 Kings 25:1].
  • It was the ninth hour, Jewish time (3PM) when Jesus gave up His life on the cross for the sins of the world [Matthew 27:46].   
Then, the gifts of the spirit are 9 in number (1 Corinthians 12:8-10): the word of wisdom, the word of knowledge, faith, healing, miracles, prophecy, discerning of spirits, tongues, and interpretation of tongues. 

10 - Perfection of divine order.
·         There are 10 commandments (Exodus 20:1-177; Deuteronomy 5:6-211)
·         1/10 of your income is a tithe (Numbers 18:26);
·         There were 10 plagues on Egypt (Exodus 9:14);
·         10 x 10 silver sockets formed the foundation of the Tabernacle (Exodus 38:27);
  • Noah was the tenth generation from Adam [Genesis 5:1-32].
  • Abraham was the tenth generation from Shem, son of Noah [Genesis 11:10-26] (the ancients counted every series with the first in the series as #1—there was no concept of 0 as a place value).
  • Ten Commandments [Exodus 20:1-17; Deuteronomy 5:6-21].
  • God said the Northern Kingdom was to be formed from ten tribes [1 Kings 11:31].
  • Ten clauses in the Lord’s Prayer [Matthew 6:9-13].
  • Ten plagues on Egypt [Exodus 7:14-12:30].
  • Ten virgins in Jesus’ kingdom parable [Matthew 25:1-13].
There are 10 "I AM"'s spoken by Jesus in John:
1) I am the Bread of Life (6:35);
2) I am the Bread of Life which came down from heaven (6:41);
3) I am the Living Bread (6:51);
4) I am the Light of the world (8:12);
5) I am One that bears witness of Myself (8:18);
6) I am the Door of the sheep (10:7,9);
7) I am the Good Shepherd (10:14);
8) I am the Resurrection and the Life (14:6);
9) I am the Way, the Truth, and the Life (11:25); and
10) I am the True Vine (15:1,5).

11 – Eleven represents ‘disorder’lack of fulfillment’ or ‘imperfectionbecause it is one short of 12, the number of governmental perfection.
  • At Kadesh-Barnea the Children of Israel traveled eleven days from Mt. Sinai.  In one more day they could have been in the Holy Land but their faith failed them [Deuteronomy 1:2].
  • The last two Kings of Judah each reigned eleven years before the Babylonian conquest of Judah: Jehoiakim [2 Kings 23:36; 24:1; 2 Chronicles 36:5-6 ] and Zedekiah [2 Chronicles 36:11; Jeremiah 52:1]
  • When Judas died there were only eleven Apostles—their number was incomplete; to complete the order of twelve, a twelfth Apostle, Matthias, was chosen by lot [Acts 1:15-26].
*Although Matthias was chosen by the remaining eleven Apostles, there is a good argument that Paul (Saul of Tarsus) was chosen by Jesus Himself (as was every other Apostle) as the twelfth Apostle on the road to Damascus as described in Acts 9:3-5. I say this because it is evident that  the Lord considered that one of the qualifications for apostleship was that each of the apostles should be given “infallible proofs” that Jesus had been raised from the dead – and he appeared to every other Apostle but no to Matthias, according to scripture.  In I Corinthians 15:8-9, Paul describes it this way, “He appeared to me also, For I am the least of the apostles”. But then, like Paul, you have the argument that anyone ‘sent out’ is an Apostle. This comes from the orginal Greek word ‘apo′stolos’ which is derived from the common verb’ apostel′lo’, meaning simply  “to send forth”. If nothing else, the subject makes for very interesting conversation :)

12 Stands for ‘Perfection of government’.  Twelve is the number of the Church, both the Old Covenant Church of Israel founded by twelve physical fathers (the twelve sons of Jacob-Israel) and the New Covenant Church founded by twelve spiritual fathers (the twelve Apostles).  This number also has a relationship with multiples of twelve.

·         There were 12 tribes of Israel;
·         12 Apostles,
·         In the new Jerusalem as described in Revelation 21:12-14 “with twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels, and on the gates the names of the twelve tribes of the sons of Israel were inscribed…And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on them were the twelve names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.”
·         Twelve legions of angles [Matthew 26:53].
·         The measurements of New Jerusalem are 12,000 furlongs or stadia, while the wall will be 144 (12 x 12) cubits (Revelation 21:16-17).
·         Twelve pillars were erected at Mt. Sinai [Exodus 24:4].
·         Twelve pillars were erected in the Promised Land [Joshua 4:1-9].
·         Twelve princes of Israel brought gifts to the Sanctuary on twelve days [Numbers 7:10-83].
·         144,000 servants of God (12 x 12) [Revelation 7:4]
·         The Trees of Life in the new creation will bear twelve kinds of fruits [Revelation 22:2].

13 - THIRTEEN:  Often seen as a ‘bad omen’ representing hostility, rebellion, apostasy, defection, corruption.
  • Thirteen is the 6th prime number. 
  • Judas is considered to be the thirteenth; Jesus is #1 plus the 12 holy Apostles; Judas is always named last in the list of Apostles [Matthew 10:2-4; Mark 3:16-19; Luke 6:13-16].
  • The Israelites marched around the city of Jericho thirteen times before the city collapsed (Josh 6:2-5).
  • Ishmael, the illegitimate son of Abraham, was thirteen years old when he was circumcised. [Genesis 17:23]
  • Leaven is a sign for sin. The gematria for leaven, zumee in Hebrew, is thirteen.
14 – Represents a double measure of spiritual perfection ( 7 x 2). Seven is the number of covenant and divine perfection and two is the number of the Incarnation.
  • The genealogy of Jesus in St. Matthew's Gospel is divided into three sets of fourteen generations [Matthew 1:1-17].
  • The Gematria of David's name is the number fourteen.

15 - This number symbolizes acts wrought by the energy of Divine grace (3 x 5;   5 = grace, and 3= Divine perfection of the Godhead).
  • Fifteen is 7 + 8 = Covenant (7) and Resurrection (8); when Jesus manifest himself as God and defeated death and Satan (Resurrection was on Sunday, the 8th as well as the 1st day).
  • Fifteen is a special mark of the energy of divine grace issuing in glory. 
  • The fifteenth day of the 1st month was designated the Feast of Unleavened Bread which begins at sundown after the Passover sacrifice (sundown begins the next day for the Israelites).  It is the day of the Last Supper [Leviticus 23:6].
  • The fifteenth day of the 7th month is the beginning of the final feast of the liturgical year, the Feast of Tabernacles. [Leviticus 23:34]
17 - Perfection of spiritual order. The seventh prime number.
·  Jacob lived seventeen years in Egypt [Genesis 47:28].
·  Seventeen can mean double spiritual perfection plus the completion of Divine will = 2 x 7 + 3.
·  Seventeen is also the sum of two perfect numbers 7 + 10 = perfection of spiritual order. For example, see Romans 8:35-39 and the series of seven blessings in the form of questions followed by ten answers.  Also see Hebrews 12:18-24 where the Old Covenant and New are contrasted­­­­.  Seven statements refer to Old Covenant and ten to the New.  In both these New Testament passages, the New (10) is superior to the Old (7).
·  The seventeenth of Nisan during Passion Week was the Old Covenant Feast of Firstfruits.  It was also the day of Jesus’ Resurrection when He defeated sin and death [Leviticus 23:11-14; Matthew 28:1-6].

20 - Signifies ‘expectancy’. Its significance seems to be connected with the fact that it is one short of twenty-one.  That is to say, if twenty-one is the three-fold seven, and signifies divine (3) completion as regards spiritual perfection (7), then twenty, being one short of twenty-one would signify expectancy.  There are numerous illustrations in Scripture to support this explanation
  • Twenty years Jacob waited to get possession of his wives and property [Genesis 21:38-41].
  • Twenty years Israel waited for a deliverer from Jabin’s oppression [Judges 4:3].
  • Twenty years Israel waited for deliverance until Samson [Judges 15:20; 16:31].
  • Twenty years the Ark of the Covenant waited at Kirjath-jearim [1 Samuel 7:2].
  • Twenty years Solomon was waiting for the completion of both the Temple and his Palace [2 Chronicles 8:1].
  • Twenty years Jerusalem waited between its subjugation and its destruction [Jeremiah 52:4-13; 2 Chronicles 36:1-10; 52:4].
  • Twenty years Jeremiah prophesied concerning the destruction of Jerusalem [Jeremiah 52:4-13].

30 - Being 3 x 10 this number denotes in a higher degree the perfection of divine order, as in marking the right moment in God’s Divine plan.
  • Joseph was thirty when he became the Vizier of Egypt. [Genesis 41:6].
  • David was also thirty when he began his reign over Israel [2 Samuel 5:4].
  • A man was eligible for military service at thirty and Levites began their service in the Sanctuary at age thirty [Numbers 4:3, 23, 30, 35, 39].
  • The people mourned the deaths of Aaron and Moses for thirty days [Numbers 20:29; 34:8].
  • Jesus was about thirty years of old at the commencement of His ministry [Luke 3:23].

40 - This number is recognized as an important number both on account of the frequency of its occurrence and with the uniformity of its association as a time of consecration and as a period of trial.
  • Forty day epic periods during the great flood [Genesis 7:4, 12, 17,8:6].
  • Forty years was the age of Isaac when he married Rebekah [Genesis 25:20].
  • Forty years of Moses in Egypt [do the math, see Exodus 7:7; Deuteronomy  34:7; Acts 7:30].
  • Forty years of Moses in Midian before his return to Egypt [Acts 7:30].
  • Forty years from the Exodus until Moses’ death [Deuteronomy  1:3; 34:7].
  • Forty years Israel ate manna [Exodus 16:35; Deuteronomy 29:5].
  • Forty days Moses was on the Mountain to receive the Law of the Sinai Covenant [Exodus 24:18].
  • Forty days the children of Israel were tested while Moses was on the mountain [Exodus 32:1].
  • Forty days Moses was on the Mountain after the golden calf [Exodus 34:28].
  • Forty days after his birth a male child of Israel was dedicated to God at the Sanctuary [Leviticus 12:1-4].
  • Forty days the Israelite spies reconnoitered the land of Canaan [Numbers 13:25].
  • Forty years was Caleb’s age when Moses sent him to reconnoiter Canaan [Joshua 14:7].
  • Forty years that Israel spent in the wilderness before they camped by the Jordan River [Numbers 14:33; Deuteronomy 1:1-3; 8:2].
  • Forty years from the giving of the Law at Sinai to the conquest of the Promised land [Joshua 5:6].
  • Forty year intervals of peace in the age of the Judges (Judges 3:11; 5:31; 8:28)
  • Forty years Eli judged Israel [1 Samuel 4:18]
  • Forty years of war between Israel and the Philistines.
  • Forty years David ruled as King of Israel [2 Samuel 5:5; 1 Chronicles 29:26-27].
  • Forty years of Solomon ruled Israel [2 Chronicles 9:30].
  • Forty days Jonah was in the Assyrian city of Nineveh [Jonah 3:4].
  • Forty years Josiah ruled Judah [2 Kings 12:2].
  • Forty days Ezekiel lay on his right side to symbolize the 40 years of Judah’s transgressions [Ezekiel 4:6].
  • Forty years of judgment that Ezekiel prophesied for Egypt [Exodus 29:11-13].
  • Forty days Jesus fasted in the wilderness before His temptation [Matthew 4:2; Mark 1:13; Luke 4:2].
  • Forty days Jesus taught His disciples after the Resurrection.  On the fortieth day He ascended to the Father [Acts 1:3].
70 - SEVENTY: is another combination of two of the perfect numbers 7 and 10, and it signifies perfect spiritual order carried out with all spiritual power and significance.
  • There were seventy nations before the Tower of Babel. [Genesis 10:1-32].
  • Seventy men built up the nation of Israel when the Israelites first entered Egypt. [Genesis 46:27].
        Seventy elders were chose to meet with God on Mt. Sinai and ate a sacred meal in His presence; they represented the hierarchy of the Old Covenant Church [Exodus 24:9-10]
  • Seventy elders of Israel comprised the Great Sanhedrin (Israel’s Supreme Court of law).
  • Jesus chose seventy disciples [Luke 10:1]. 
153 – This is a number which has perplexed the greatest of Biblical scholars.  The common thought is  that there must be something significant about this number from the way in which it is introduced in John 21:11: “Simon Peter went up and drew the net to land, full of large fish, a hundred and fifty-three; and although there were so many, the net was not torn.

·         The word fish in Greek is 'ixthus' which has a numerical equivalent of 1224, or 8 x 153.
·         Remember, Jesus Christ is 888.
·         153 people received a blessing from Jesus in the four gospel (not counting the 5000 and examples like that).
·         17 is the sum of the perfect numbers 10 (perfect order) and 7 (spiritual perfection).  If you multiply 17 by 3 and again by 3, you get 153.  
·         Augustine used addition and took the sum of all the digits up to and including 17 as amounting to exactly 153. 
·         Also noted is the expression “Sons of God”, which occurs 7 times, and that the gematria of this expression in Hebrew is exactly 153.  (In Greek the gematria of “Sons of God” is 3,213 or 3 x 7 x 153.) 
·         The gematria in Greek for the word fishes is 1,224 or 8 x 153.  The gematria for “the net” is 1,224 or 8 x 153.

Other numbers:
Deliverance; Salvation
Exceeding sinfulness of sin
The Priesthood
Repentance; The forgiveness of sins
The Gospel of Christ
Preaching of the Gospel
Eternal life
Blood of Christ; Dedication
Naming of a son
The word of our Father
Trials; Probation; Testings
Israel's oppression; First advent
Judgement of the World
Holy Spirit; Pentecost
Idol worship
Punishment and restoration of Israel; Universality
Election; Children of the promise
Spiritual perfection and victory 7*17=119
Divine period of probation
The Spirit guided life
Holy Spirit; The sum of Tree of Life
Divine completeness and Fathers glory
Salvation of the world through the blood of the Lamb ( Those who chose between Christ and Antichrist)
Deception of Antichrist; Second advent
Final judgement; Zadok
Those numbered of Israel

And finally, if you multiply the three perfect numbers of the Bible together - 3,7,10 & 12 - you get 2520. 2520 is the Least Common Multiple of the ten digits governing all numeration; and can, therefore, be divided by each of nine digits, without a remainder.

2520 ÷ 1 = 2520
2520 ÷ 2 = 1260
2520 ÷ 3 = 840
2520 ÷ 4 = 630
2520 ÷ 5 = 504
2520 ÷ 6 = 420
2520 ÷ 7 = 360
2520 ÷ 8 = 315
2520 ÷ 9 = 280

It is the number of chronological perfection (7 x 360). This also the times of Israel’s punishment and the times of Gentile dominion over Jerusalem. Also, it is the summary of all the primary rectilinear forms!

And if you think that we’ve exhausted all the information on the math of the Bible – you’d be wrong. There are volumes on nothing but the perfect math of the scriptures. Even further proof that God is great – and perfect.

May The Blood of Jesus cover, bless & protect you!

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